Note: This API calls are shared between DOS and Win16 personality.

DPMI is a shared interface for DOS applications to access Intel 80286+ CPUs services. DOS DMPI host provides core services for protected mode applications. Multitasking OS with DOS support also provides DMPI in most cases. Windows standard and extended mode kernel is a DPMI client app. Standard and extended mode kernel differs minimally and shares common codebase. Standard Windows kernel works under DOSX extender. DOSX is a specialized version of 16-bit DPMI Extender (but it is standard DPMI host). Standard mode is just DPMI client, exnhanced mode is DPMI client running under Virtual Machime Manager (really, multitasker which allow to run many DOS sessions). Both modes shares DPMI interface for kernel communication. The OS/2 virtual DOS Protected Mode Interface (VDPMI) device driver provides Version 0.9 DPMI support for virtual DOS machines. Win16 (up to Windows ME) provides Version 0.9 DPMI support.

DPMI host often merged with DPMI extender. Usually DPMI extender provide DPMI host standard services and DOS translation or True DPMI services.

2021/08/05 12:15 · prokushev

Int 31H, AH=02H, AL=11H




Get Extended Processor Exception Handler Vector (Real Mode)


AX = 0211H
BL = exception number (00H-1FH)


if function successful
Carry flag = clear
CX:(E)DX = selector:offset of exception handler

if function unsuccessful
Carry flag = set
AX = error code
8021H	invalid value (BL not in range 00H-1FH)


CX:(E)DX does not specify a real-mode segment:offset. The reason is that this function allows a client to get the address of the exception handler which will receive control in protected mode when the specified exception occurs in real mode (i.e. the host will provide an implied mode switch for the purposes of servicing the exception, then return to real mode after the handler exits).

Real mode exceptions are sent to the primary client of the virtual machine.

See also


Process manager INT 2FH 1680H, 1687H
Memory manager
Misc INT 2FH 1686H, 168AH
2021/08/13 16:23 · prokushev

en/docs/dpmi/api/int31/02/11.txt · Last modified: 2021/08/27 04:45 by prokushev